ARGENTINA

GENERAL DATA

Poverty rate:

32%

of the total population  (2018).

MIGRATION DATA

  • Sending country: About one million Argentines, or 2% of the population reside abroad, mainly in Spain (25.6%), the US (21.2%), and Chile (7.2%).

  • Destination country: Approximately 2,212,879 immigrants, representing about 5% of the total population, reside in Argentina. Principle countries of origin are Paraguay (31.2%), Bolivia (19.3%), Chile (9.8%); in addition, and as is the case throughout the region in recent years, Argentina has received many Venezuelan migrants (approximately 145,000 people).

  • Host country for refugees: More than 6,000 people live in Argentina as asylum seekers or refugees. Principal counties of origin are Syria, Colombia, Ukraine, Ghana, Haiti, Cuba, and Nigeria.

37,002

NUMBER OF DEATHS

1,370,366

REGISTERED CASES

IMPACT BY COVID-19

* Weekly data update

DATE: NOVEMBER 23, 2020

STATE MEASURES

  • Border closures and increased surveillance. The Argentinian government has increased security operations at 237 border crossings. Argentina initially shut its borders only to travelers and migrants from countries with the highest incidences of infections (China, South Korea, the US, the United Kingdom, and the European Union). Subsequently, borders were entirely closed.

  • Provision 1714-2020 extended, for a period of thirty days from original expiry dates, the validity of all temporary and transitory residencies, Certificates of Precarious Residency, and inscriptions to the National Registry of Immigration Applicants (Registro Nacional Único de Requirentes Extranjeros) and the National Registry of Immigrants’ Powers of Attorney (Registro Nacional de Apoderados de Inmigrantes) as of March 17, 2020. This measure also extended the time limits set for responding to notices, citations, and summons by the National Migration Directorate (Dirección Nacional de Migración). 

  • The government has carried out so-called “deportaciones acordadas” (“arranged deportations”). These are deportations of foreign nationals due to their failure to comply with mandated quarantine measures.

  • The government has established a subsidy known as "emergency family income" (“ingreso familiar de emergencia”). It supports vulnerable Argentine citizens and migrants who have lived in Argentina for at least 2 years. 

  • On March 31, 2020, the Argentine government issued Decree of Need and Urgency 329/2020, which prohibits layoffs and suspensions for 60 days; this decree benefits migrants with steady work.

  • The central government has prohibited evictions for rent-related debt until September 30, 2020.

  • By presidential mandate, the National Migration Directorate was put in charge of the gradual and safe reopening of national borders as of April 1, 2020. Authorized land border crossings are the following: the Paso de los Libres/Uruguayana (Brazil); Gualeguaychú/Fray Bentos (Uruguay); Salvador Mazza/Yacuiba (Bolivia); Christ the Redeemer (Chile); and Paso San Sebastián (Chile). In addition, Ezeiza International Airport and Palomar Airport are open for entry by air.

  • The national government announced that it would extend financial and health assistance to Argentines who are stranded abroad due to tourism-related travel as well as Argentines residing abroad who have lost their jobs or homes. The assistance provided will include shipments of medicines for cancer and HIV treatments to those in need.

  • The government facilitated 18 flights to various countries around the world to repatriate approximately 3,000 Argentines stranded due to the pandemic. These flights took place during the last two weeks of April. 

*For more detail go to the digital archive that we created:

LAST UPDATED:  20 OF MAY, 2020

In mid-March 2020, nearly every country on the continent declared a health emergency. These countries closed their borders and adopted a series of exceptional measures, arguing that forced immobility as a  solution to contain the virus. Following the shutdown of borders,  more than 30 researchers from the Americas, interested in analyzing the migratory question politically, organized virtually and began to consider the particular situation of millions of migrants, women, men, children and adolescents, from the continent and/or from other latitudes, all of whom are mobile and in transit.

Original Concept: Soledad Álvarez Velasco, University of Houston

General Coordination:Soledad Álvarez Velasco, University of Houston & Ulla D. Berg, Rutgers University

Research, Systematization and Development of Contents: Soledad Álvarez Velasco, University of Houston;  Ulla D. Berg, Rutgers University; Lucía Pérez-Martínez, FLACSO-Ecuador; Mónica Salmon, New School for Social Research; Sebastián León,  Rutgers University.

Coordination polyphonic map: Iréri Ceja Cárdenas: Museo Nacional/ Universidad Federal de Rio de Janeiro

Project Advisor: Nicholas De Genova, Universidad of Houston.

 

Translation team Spanish - English: 

Soledad Álvarez Velasco, Mónica Salmón, Ulla Berg, Luin Goldring, Tanya Basok, Ingrid Carlson, Gabrielle Cabrera.

Translation team Spanish - Portuguese: 

Iréri Ceja, Gustavo Dias, Gislene Santos, Elisa Colares, Handerson Joseph, Caio Fernandes, María Villarreal.

Website Design and Development:  ACHU! Studio; Francisco Hurtado Caicedo, Social Observatory of Ecuador

Photography: David Gustafsson y Cynthia Briones.

Video: David Gustafsson.

Some of the researchers of this project are members of these CLACSO Working Groups

English translation and proofreading by Gabrielle Cabrera, Rutgers University.

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