Poverty rate:


Total poverty rate


extreme poverty


multidimensional poverty


  • Emigration: Because of the humanitarian crisis affecting the country, there has occurred an exodus of 5,180,615 people, largely bound for Colombia (1,754,884), Peru (829,708), Chile (455,494), Ecuador (362,857), United States (351,144), and Argentina (179,069).

  • Many women lead the migratory project and travel autonomously, 70% of this group declares themselves as not in a relationship.

  • It is estimated that approximately 1.1 million are children and adolescents, this includes both those who emigrate with families as well as those who travel alone.

  • Immigration: In the 70s, 80s, and 90s, Venezuela was a pole of attraction for migrants arriving from Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, Perú, Argentina, Uruguay, Chile, as well as from other continents. They were economic and political migrants. Toward the end of the 1980s, those immigrants totaled 1,074,629 people, a figure that represented 7.4% of the total population. Due to the crisis, foreigners have returned to their countries of origin or to third countries.

  • Refugees Received: Refugees – 8,892; asylum seekers – 49; people recognized as in situations similar to refugee status – 58,826.

  • Deported Nationals Received: The United States deported on average one Venezuelan every day of 2019; Colombia deported 2,387 between 2014 and 2017; Brazil 1,200 people in August 2018; there were registered other expulsions that violate international agreements on human rights, coming from Peru, Ecuador, Chile, and other countries of the region.

  • Returning Citizens: Within the framework of the Plan Vuelta a la Patria [Plan Return to the Homeland], implemented by the Venezuelan government, through the 10th of February, 2020 a total of 17,522 have returned (Brazil 7,285, Peru 4,259, Ecuador 3,242, Colombia 764, Dominican Republic 366, Argentina 434, Chile 1,136, Panamá 35, and Uruguay 1).






* Weekly data update



  • Plan Vuelta a la Patria: to address the necessity that Venezuelans, finding themselves in vulnerable situations in host-countries, return to Venezuela.

  • In the context of Covid-19, the Venezuelan government implemented the Points of Comprehensive Social Attention (PASI), in principle, established conditioned spaces to host returning nationals during the two weeks of isolation established by the government; this as part of the epidemiological quarantine activated to contain the spread of the virus within the national territory.

  • On the 20th of August, 2020, the government of Venezuela restricted the entry of Venezuelan citizens through the border passages in the state of Táchira, asking that the the high number of people who are in this entity comply with isolation measures.

*For more detail go to the digital archive that we created:

In mid-March 2020, nearly every country on the continent declared a health emergency. These countries closed their borders and adopted a series of exceptional measures, arguing that forced immobility as a  solution to contain the virus. Following the shutdown of borders,  more than 30 researchers from the Americas, interested in analyzing the migratory question politically, organized virtually and began to consider the particular situation of millions of migrants, women, men, children and adolescents, from the continent and/or from other latitudes, all of whom are mobile and in transit.

Original Concept: Soledad Álvarez Velasco, University of Houston

General Coordination:Soledad Álvarez Velasco, University of Houston & Ulla D. Berg, Rutgers University

Research, Systematization and Development of Contents: Soledad Álvarez Velasco, University of Houston;  Ulla D. Berg, Rutgers University; Lucía Pérez-Martínez, FLACSO-Ecuador; Mónica Salmon, New School for Social Research; Sebastián León,  Rutgers University.

Coordination polyphonic map: Iréri Ceja Cárdenas: Museo Nacional/ Universidad Federal de Rio de Janeiro

Project Advisor: Nicholas De Genova, Universidad of Houston.


Translation team Spanish - English: 

Soledad Álvarez Velasco, Mónica Salmón, Ulla Berg, Luin Goldring, Tanya Basok, Ingrid Carlson, Gabrielle Cabrera.

Translation team Spanish - Portuguese: 

Iréri Ceja, Gustavo Dias, Gislene Santos, Elisa Colares, Handerson Joseph, Caio Fernandes, María Villarreal.

Website Design and Development:  ACHU! Studio; Francisco Hurtado Caicedo, Social Observatory of Ecuador

Photography: David Gustafsson y Cynthia Briones.

Video: David Gustafsson.

Some of the researchers of this project are members of these CLACSO Working Groups

English translation and proofreading by Gabrielle Cabrera, Rutgers University.

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