Poverty rate:


of the total population


  • Sending country: about 2.8 million Canadians reside abroad mainly in the US, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and France. 

  • Destination country: about 7.5 million immigrants or 22% of Canada’s total population. The main countries of origin are India (9%); China (8.6%); Philippines (7.8%); United Kingdom (6.6%); the US (3.4%); and Italy (3.1%).

  • Host country for refugees: Between 2011 and 2016, around 140,000 people were recognized as refugees. 






* Weekly data update



  • As soon as the pandemic started, nationals and residents were alerted to return to Canada as a preventive measure.

  • In mid-March 2020, the borders were closed and only Canadians and legal residents were allowed to enter.

  • Initially, asylum seekers and refugees were allowed access Canada as long as they continued to quarantine.

  • Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) suspended deportations of denied refugee claimants and detained im/migrants. They were postponed temporarily due to the closure of international borders.

  • As of March 20, Canada and the US signed an agreement to return asylum seekers who arrive irregularly to Canada, back to the US. Irregular entrants had been crossing into Quebec over the last few years. Many were Haitians and Central Americans population arriving from the US. This measure violates the principle of non-refoulement and directly affects the right to seek asylum.

  • The federal government launched The Canada Emergency Response Benefit (CERB), an aid program for Canadian workers to receive USD 1,400 per month for three months. Permanent residents (landed immigrants) are included. 

  • Some provincial governments, such as Quebec and Ontario, announce that tests for Covid-19 and other health services will be available even if someone does not have public (government) health insurance.

  • There is a limited production of information on how to access financial and other relief aid for groups that do not speak English or French.

For more detail go to the digital archive that we created

In mid-March 2020, nearly every country on the continent declared a health emergency. These countries closed their borders and adopted a series of exceptional measures, arguing that forced immobility as a  solution to contain the virus. Following the shutdown of borders,  more than 30 researchers from the Americas, interested in analyzing the migratory question politically, organized virtually and began to consider the particular situation of millions of migrants, women, men, children and adolescents, from the continent and/or from other latitudes, all of whom are mobile and in transit.

Original Concept: Soledad Álvarez Velasco, University of Houston

General Coordination:Soledad Álvarez Velasco, University of Houston & Ulla D. Berg, Rutgers University

Research, Systematization and Development of Contents: Soledad Álvarez Velasco, University of Houston;  Ulla D. Berg, Rutgers University; Lucía Pérez-Martínez, FLACSO-Ecuador; Mónica Salmon, New School for Social Research; Sebastián León,  Rutgers University.

Coordination polyphonic map: Iréri Ceja Cárdenas: Museo Nacional/ Universidad Federal de Rio de Janeiro

Project Advisor: Nicholas De Genova, Universidad of Houston.


Translation team Spanish - English: 

Soledad Álvarez Velasco, Mónica Salmón, Ulla Berg, Luin Goldring, Tanya Basok, Ingrid Carlson, Gabrielle Cabrera.

Translation team Spanish - Portuguese: 

Iréri Ceja, Gustavo Dias, Gislene Santos, Elisa Colares, Handerson Joseph, Caio Fernandes, María Villarreal.

Website Design and Development:  ACHU! Studio; Francisco Hurtado Caicedo, Social Observatory of Ecuador

Photography: David Gustafsson y Cynthia Briones.

Video: David Gustafsson.

Some of the researchers of this project are members of these CLACSO Working Groups

English translation and proofreading by Gabrielle Cabrera, Rutgers University.

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