of the total population
Sending country: about 2.8 million Canadians reside abroad mainly in the US, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and France.
Destination country: about 7.5 million immigrants or 22% of Canada’s total population. The main countries of origin are India (9%); China (8.6%); Philippines (7.8%); United Kingdom (6.6%); the US (3.4%); and Italy (3.1%).
Host country for refugees: Between 2011 and 2016, around 140,000 people were recognized as refugees.
IMPACT BY COVID-19
NUMBER OF DEATHS
* Weekly data update
DATE: NOVEMBER 23, 2020
As soon as the pandemic started, nationals and residents were alerted to return to Canada as a preventive measure.
In mid-March 2020, the borders were closed and only Canadians and legal residents were allowed to enter.
Initially, asylum seekers and refugees were allowed access Canada as long as they continued to quarantine.
Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) suspended deportations of denied refugee claimants and detained im/migrants. They were postponed temporarily due to the closure of international borders.
As of March 20, Canada and the US signed an agreement to return asylum seekers who arrive irregularly to Canada, back to the US. Irregular entrants had been crossing into Quebec over the last few years. Many were Haitians and Central Americans population arriving from the US. This measure violates the principle of non-refoulement and directly affects the right to seek asylum.
The federal government launched The Canada Emergency Response Benefit (CERB), an aid program for Canadian workers to receive USD 1,400 per month for three months. Permanent residents (landed immigrants) are included.
Some provincial governments, such as Quebec and Ontario, announce that tests for Covid-19 and other health services will be available even if someone does not have public (government) health insurance.
There is a limited production of information on how to access financial and other relief aid for groups that do not speak English or French.