BOLIVIA

GENERAL DATA

Poverty rate:

33.2%

out of the total population as for 2018.

MIGRATION DATA

  • Sending country: Around 878.000 Bolivians or 7.8% of the total population reside abroad mainly in Argentina (48.5%), Spain (17.2%), the US (47.4%) and Chile (9.2%).

  • Destination country: Around 156.000 immigrants or 1.4% out of the total population live in Bolivia. The main countries of origin are Argentina (29.8%), Brazil (17.9%), Spain (8.5%); and in recent years Bolivia has also received people from Venezuela (more than 2.000 people in 2019).

  • Transit country: Venezuelan migrants crossing Bolivia en route to Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay.  

  • Host country for refugees: There are 700 refugees or asylum seekers of more than 20 different nationalities  (Peruvians, Colombians, Cubans, Iraqis, and Russians) residing in Bolivia. 

8,907

NUMBER OF DEATHS

143,978

REGISTERED CASES

IMPACT BY COVID-19

* Weekly data update

DATE: NOVEMBER 23, 2020

STATE MEASURES

  • The Supreme Decree No. 4196 of March 17, 2020 that declares a health emergency and quarantine throughout the country, establishes that the border closure will continue until Tuesday, March 31. However, in the article 8, it clarifies that: "it does not include Bolivian citizens and residents who return to Bolivia, who must comply with the protocol and procedures of the Ministry of Health". Borders remain closed as of September 2020.

  • The April 8 Supreme Decree regulates the entry of Bolivians stranded at different borders and makes them comply with health protocols.

  • The Bolivian government reached an agreement with the Chilean government for the repatriation of migrants who were camping outside the Bolivian consulate in Santiago de Chile. 

  • Flights called humanitarian were used to repatriate Bolivians who can afford the basic cost of the ticket.

  • The police and the Director General of Migration maintain an immigration control plan for immigrants.

  • Temporary suspension of immigrant and non-immigrant visa services continues at all U.S. embassies and consulates.

  • This is an agreement between DIGEMI and CONALTID for foreign citizens to file for entry, stay, and exit online, a measure that will generate a system of geo-referential control.

  • Starting in August, Venezuelan minors who are in Bolivia without identification or with expired documents can regularize their immigration status.

  • Bolivian citizens who returned to the country and who have voted outside of the country in previous electoral processes will be able to change their address to vote in the presidential elections in September.

  • There is much politicization of the migrant issue by political parties in anticipation of the next presidential elections. The right opportunistically supports Venezuelan immigration.

In mid-March 2020, nearly every country on the continent declared a health emergency. These countries closed their borders and adopted a series of exceptional measures, arguing that forced immobility as a  solution to contain the virus. Following the shutdown of borders,  more than 30 researchers from the Americas, interested in analyzing the migratory question politically, organized virtually and began to consider the particular situation of millions of migrants, women, men, children and adolescents, from the continent and/or from other latitudes, all of whom are mobile and in transit.

Original Concept: Soledad Álvarez Velasco, University of Houston

General Coordination:Soledad Álvarez Velasco, University of Houston & Ulla D. Berg, Rutgers University

Research, Systematization and Development of Contents: Soledad Álvarez Velasco, University of Houston;  Ulla D. Berg, Rutgers University; Lucía Pérez-Martínez, FLACSO-Ecuador; Mónica Salmon, New School for Social Research; Sebastián León,  Rutgers University.

Coordination polyphonic map: Iréri Ceja Cárdenas: Museo Nacional/ Universidad Federal de Rio de Janeiro

Project Advisor: Nicholas De Genova, Universidad of Houston.

 

Translation team Spanish - English: 

Soledad Álvarez Velasco, Mónica Salmón, Ulla Berg, Luin Goldring, Tanya Basok, Ingrid Carlson, Gabrielle Cabrera.

Translation team Spanish - Portuguese: 

Iréri Ceja, Gustavo Dias, Gislene Santos, Elisa Colares, Handerson Joseph, Caio Fernandes, María Villarreal.

Website Design and Development:  ACHU! Studio; Francisco Hurtado Caicedo, Social Observatory of Ecuador

Photography: David Gustafsson y Cynthia Briones.

Video: David Gustafsson.

Some of the researchers of this project are members of these CLACSO Working Groups

English translation and proofreading by Gabrielle Cabrera, Rutgers University.

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