Poverty rate:


out of the total population.


  • Sending country: About 680,000 Nicaraguans, or 11% of the population, reside abroad mainly in the US. (44%), Costa Rica (43%), and Spain (4%). 

  • Destination country: Around 43,000 immigrants or 0.65% of the total population live in Nicaragua. The main countries of origin are Honduras (31%), Costa Rica (27%), and the US (9%).

  • Transit country: migrants from Central American, Caribbean, South American, Asian, and African countries  transit Nicaragua en route to the US.   






* Weekly data update



  • The Sandinista government keeps thousands of tourists actively entering Nicaragua through cruises without restriction. 

  • As of March 25, Nicaragua and Honduras reinforced border points of entry establishing coordination and cooperation mechanisms in areas such as health, security, containment, and treatment of COVID-19 and other rapidly spreading diseases.

  • Nicaraguan Army closes blind spots at the land and naval border with Costa Rica due to the pandemic.

  • The Nicaraguan Army keeps unauthorized crossings closed at the southern border with Costa Rica, preventing the entry of Nicaraguan deportees and/or returnees, but they keep the borders open for merchandise trade.

  • Costa Rica and Nicaragua agreed to establish mechanisms to share information on the current health situation.

  • Nicaraguan exiles in Costa Rica launch an S.O.S initiative to face the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic.

  • So far, no explicit measures have been taken to support Nicaraguan migrants abroad.

  • Internally: 

    • There is no declaration of a state of emergency in Nicaragua. 

    • Daniel Ortega's government has prohibited health centers, doctors and nurses to use personal protection equipment (PPE) such as gloves and masks to treat patients to avoid creating unnecessary alarms.

    • Staff were also instructed not to give any information about the disease to avoid creating a state of collective hysteria.

  • The country is a contagion bomb. The health authorities recognize 16 cases and 5 deaths, while the Citizen Observatory, a civil society organization, already reports near 800 cases of infection in the country.

*For more detail go to the digital achieve that we created:

In mid-March 2020, nearly every country on the continent declared a health emergency. These countries closed their borders and adopted a series of exceptional measures, arguing that forced immobility as a  solution to contain the virus. Following the shutdown of borders,  more than 30 researchers from the Americas, interested in analyzing the migratory question politically, organized virtually and began to consider the particular situation of millions of migrants, women, men, children and adolescents, from the continent and/or from other latitudes, all of whom are mobile and in transit.

Original Concept: Soledad Álvarez Velasco, University of Houston

General Coordination:Soledad Álvarez Velasco, University of Houston & Ulla D. Berg, Rutgers University

Research, Systematization and Development of Contents: Soledad Álvarez Velasco, University of Houston;  Ulla D. Berg, Rutgers University; Lucía Pérez-Martínez, FLACSO-Ecuador; Mónica Salmon, New School for Social Research; Sebastián León,  Rutgers University.

Coordination polyphonic map: Iréri Ceja Cárdenas: Museo Nacional/ Universidad Federal de Rio de Janeiro

Project Advisor: Nicholas De Genova, Universidad of Houston.


Translation team Spanish - English: 

Soledad Álvarez Velasco, Mónica Salmón, Ulla Berg, Luin Goldring, Tanya Basok, Ingrid Carlson, Gabrielle Cabrera.

Translation team Spanish - Portuguese: 

Iréri Ceja, Gustavo Dias, Gislene Santos, Elisa Colares, Handerson Joseph, Caio Fernandes, María Villarreal.

Website Design and Development:  ACHU! Studio; Francisco Hurtado Caicedo, Social Observatory of Ecuador

Photography: David Gustafsson y Cynthia Briones.

Video: David Gustafsson.

Some of the researchers of this project are members of these CLACSO Working Groups

English translation and proofreading by Gabrielle Cabrera, Rutgers University.

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